Çaştanî Bey Hikâyesi’nde Kültürel Değerler


Value is defined as the behaviors created by society over the centuries and passed on to the next generations. Values such as respect, love, compassion, courage, patriotism, and family unity are defined as behaviors that carry individuals to a different point in society and that can be a model for future generations. Cultural values can be seen in many fields, such as literature, art, politics, education, and society. In terms of cultural values, literary works have great importance because they appeal to every generation and contribute to society. The Story of Çaştani Bey, which was written in the Old Uighur Period, has numerous examples of values when examined in this context. The story, being one of the Buddhist stories, is an avadana type text in the chapter in which the ninth sin is told in Daśakarmapathāvadānamāla. The main hero, Çaştanî Bey, struggles to protect his country from evil spirits and eventually reaches the rank of Buddha. The concept of value in this story has been discussed in many studies, such as theses, books, and articles, and its different aspects have been demonstrated. This study examines the work in terms of values such as courage, patriotism, compassion, generosity, family unity, love, loyalty, religious values, sublimity, goodness, generosity, and solidarity, based on the classification of main / root values in the books of the Ministry of National Education and discusses the effect of these values on the work.

Cultural Value, Old Uyghur, The Story of Çaştanî Bey